Apache Tears (Obsidian Nodules) Tumbler Rough
Apache Tears (Black Obsidian)
Size: mostly 1/4 to 1 1/2 inch pieces
Apache Tears are small roundish nodules of black volcanic glass known as "obsidian". They look opaque in the image above but when polished most of them will be translucent to semi-transparent if you hold them up to the light. They make beautiful jet black tumbled stones. You can see a photo of Apache Tears that we tumbled below. We also have polished Apache Tears for sale here.
The rough Apache Tears for sale here range in size from approximately 1/4" (6 mm) to 1 1/2"" (38 mm) in diameter.
Lots of people say that Apache Tears, various types of obsidian, and other natural glasses are a challenge to polish. The problem that they encounter is brusing and chipping if the tears are tossed around too vigorously in a rotary tumbler.
That problem is easy to solve!
Apache Tears are transparent obsidian. In this photo and you can see colored light in some of their their shadows and even see through some of the stones. Only a few varieties of obsidian are transparent.
ADVANCED Rock Tumbling Recipe:
Apache Tears (1/4 to 1 1/2 inches)
These pieces of Apache Tears are about 1/4 to 1 1/2 inches in size and have a Mohs hardness of about 5.5. That is softer than most types of rocks that are processed in a rock tumbler. Obsidian also bruises easily if it is not cushioned. To accommodate these properties we do three things: 1) skip the coarse grit step; 2) tumble for a shorter amount of time in add plenty of media for cushioning.
1) Skip Coarse Grit: Coarse grit will quickly reduce the size of Apache Tears. So we skip the coarse grit step and begin our tumbling with medium grit (150/220 mesh).
2) Less Time: We also shorten the tumbling time in the first step. Instead of two weeks in 150/220 grit, we reduce that to 10 to 12 days. We also reduce the time in fine grit (500 mesh) to 5 days. Polishing time is not changed.
3) Media Needed: Apache Tears bruises easily. To prevent bruising it should be swimming in a sea of small ceramic cylinder media We use about 50% ceramic cylinder media and 50% obsidian. The cylindrical shape of the ceramic media will enable them to act like roller bearings and provide a smooth tumbling action in the barrel. The many small pieces of media will also reduce the impact forces that occur in the barrel and deliver grit to all surfaces of the rough.
Recipe for Rotary Tumbling
Coarse Grit Step:
Apache Tears is extremely "soft" so you do NOT need to use coarse grit.
Medium Grit Step:
Two tablespoons medium grit (150/220) per pound of rock and ceramic media. Add enough water to barely cover the rocks. You want 40% media and 60% obsidian. Let this tumble for 10-12 days. Rinse, clean and inspect the material. Tumble longer if more smoothing and shaping is desired.
Fine Grit Step:
If more media is needed to maintain barrel capacity, that media should be broken in and not new media with rough edges. Again, two tablespoons of fine grit (500F) per pound of rock and ceramic media. Add water to below the top of the rocks. Tumble for five days.
Barrel slurry dumped down the drain will harden like concrete.
IMPORTANT: Make sure that your barrel and rough have been cleaned thoroughly. Any grit carried over from a previous step will likely ruin your polish. Do not add more media at this point.
Measure two tablespoons of TXP Polish per pound of rock and ceramic media. Fill with water to just below the top of the rocks. Tumble for seven days.
Burnish If Needed:
Jasper, agate and petrified wood usually take a great polish. However, burnishing this material after the polish step can often improve the shininess of the finished stones. If you would like to try burnishing to see if it improves the look of your polished stones full burnishing instructions can be found here.
This photo is of a batch of Apache Tears that we polished. Look at that bright polish and no brusing!
Finished Apache Tears Tumbled Stones:
If you don't want to tumble this Apache Tears yourself, we usually have medium size (5/8" to 1") tumbled stones of this material for sale by the pound. You can find them here.
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